Occupational therapy is a health profession concerned with promoting health and well-being through engagement in occupation. Occupational therapists use careful analysis of physical, environmental, psychosocial, mental, spiritual and cultural factors to identify and remove barriers to participating in occupation.
At NISH, the Department of Occupational Therapy started functioning in the year 2015. Occupational therapy services are delivered as a part of the rehabilitation programme which provide services for individuals from early childhood to the elderly population.
Conditions that benefit from Occupational Therapy include:
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Feeding and Swallowing disorders
Traumatic Brain Injury
Occupational therapy goals are set to enhance the following skills and activity participation:
Activities of Daily Living
School readiness skills
Motor planning and praxis
Bilateral Integration skills
Balance and coordination skills
Visual motor and visual perceptual skills
Facilitation of developmental motor milestones
Fine motor skills.
Paediatrics Occupational therapy OPD (including Sensory integration unit)
Orthopaedics Occupational Therapy unit
Neurological Occupational Therapy unit
Mental Health Occupational Therapy unit (Group therapy for De Addiction & Vocational & Pre-Vocational Rehabilitation for Psychiatric patients)
OT Dysphagia unit
OT Hand/Splinting unit
OT Seating & mobility unit
A detailed evaluation carried out using standardised and non-standardised tools and clinical observations to determine a baseline of the client’s functional performance.
Interventions tailored specifically to the individual, which incorporate therapy programmes, recommendations and strategies. All these are provided involving the family members.
Recommendation of adaptive aids, Assistive Technology and orthosis.
An outcome-based re-evaluation carried out in regular intervals.
Occupational therapy Intervention focuses on enabling people to participate in their activities of everyday life. Occupational Therapists help them improve their ability to engage in activities they want to, need to or are expected to, through remedial activities or by modifying the activity or the environment to better support their engagement (WFOT,2012)
Client-centred and family-oriented
Positive outcomes for children and families.
High parent satisfaction and engagement
Positive outcomes for staff
Intervention programs provided at the OT department:
The therapist designs a customized treatment plan, provides training and assistance to parents during the handling of children by therapist, and monitors and modifies activities based on the progress. The sessions are carried out on a weekly and monthly basis.
Sensory integration therapy aims to help children with sensory processing disorder. After assessment using standard tools, a plan is designed involving therapeutic play which is multi-sensory to help the child gain appropriate adaptive responses and skills. Therapy is carried out as an individual session until the child is ready to mingle in a group. Parents are also accompanied so as to train them to cater the needs of the child. A multi-sensory room is built at NISH with specialised sensory equipment such as various swings, a ball pool, textured mats, Audio-visual unit and toys.
Cerebral Palsy Unit follows an integrative approach in assessment and intervention of children with cerebral palsy and ensures long-term results. An initial assessment is carried out involving a team of Occupational therapists, Physiotherapists, Psychologists and Speech Therapists.
Children are then moved to various groups (Toddler unit, Intensive Training Program, CP unit) based on the needs of the child and feasibility of family members.
Group training is focused on training parents to handle the child through exercises, positioning and assistance in Activities of Daily Living.
Whenever needed, therapists help prescribe orthotic and adaptive devices for the child.
Recent advancements are implemented such as Thera togs, Kinesiotaping, Headpods and Virtual-reality games. One parent is allowed with the child for the entire duration of the rehabilitation program and is instrumental in assuring continuity of treatment at home.
The Adult Rehab unit caters to the needs of individuals above the age of 18 who survived cerebro-vascular accident (stroke), traumatic injury. Various activities to improve their hand function, functional abilities and maximise their independence in both basic and instrumental ADL are provided under the guidance of both Occupational and Physiotherapist.
Sensory, Cognitive and Rehabilitation Unit adapts an interdisciplinary group therapy approach, combining the expertise of the Physiotherapist, Occupational Therapist and the Psychologist. Group aims to improve the cognitive skills, adaptive responses, motor skills and socio-emotional skills through the use of various activities and therapeutic play. Group meets every week.
Oral Sensory and Motor Unit offers a comprehensive interdisciplinary service by the Occupational, Physio and Speech Therapists to children with feeding and speech difficulties. The team approach provides an extensive service with in-depth assessments, interventions and recommendations.
Occupational Therapists in the team assess the child's feeding skills, motor skills, sensory skills, strength, as well as the behaviour and environmental factors surrounding mealtime. Following this, the Occupational Therapist designs a plan to ensure that the child is reaching his/her full potential with self-feeding, independence and safety.
Mental Health Unit focuses on enabling individuals to re-engage in meaningful occupations through a variety of skill sets such as skills development, establishing positive habits and routines, setting therapy goals, using MOHO (Model of Human occupation).
OTs work with clients and their loved ones to improve these and other life management skills:
Creating and following a productive daily schedule
Taking care of personal hygiene
Managing one’s own health
Navigating the community and using public transportation
Organizing and following a medication regimen
Interacting appropriately in work or social situations
Working or volunteering
Planning and cooking healthy meals
Managing budget and finances
A variety of techniques for a diversity of issues have been employed in mental health occupational therapy. These include as follows:
Cognitive behaviour therapy,
Motivational enhancement therapy
Humanistic and client-cantered therapies
Specific for children with difficulties in specific areas of development and adults with impairments in various areas. After assessment using standardised tools, clients are enrolled into the appropriate groups. Various therapeutic activities targeting a range of goals are implemented.
Adaptive and positioning aids are recommended whenever necessary.
Various groups at Occupational Therapy:
Handwriting / Visual motor Group
Sensory Motor Group
Visual Perceptual Group
Task Oriented Group
Social Skills Group