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A lack of intuitive social ability is a hallmark of autism. A child with ASD may need social skills training throughout childhood and into adulthood, layer by layer, with basic skills leading to higher-level skills, which in turn branch out into the most complex skills required of adults living and working in the community. Thus, in this group Children with ASD and their siblings come together and engage in activities that improve their Communication, Social skills, Life skills and Executive Function skills.

Communication-Communication is a social act and unless one is conducting a monologue with one’s self, it involves at least one other person. Communication within a social situation can be more challenging than just understanding the words of others. Children with autism spectrum disorder may:

  1. Have difficulty seeing another person’s perspective; tendency to interpret from own point of view. This impacts social interaction and the understanding of perspective in narratives whether in text or mv
  2. Have difficulty understanding that other people have unique thoughts, ideas, and personal motivation.
  3. Give no or minimal eye contact during an interaction; eye contact may be distracting or provide more sensory information than can be useful or processed by the person with ASD.
  4. Speak too loudly or too fast unless taught about the needs of his or her communication partner.
  5. Have difficulty staying on topic; may be distracted by associations cued by his or her own words or the dialogue of others.
  6. Have difficulty knowing that he or she has the responsibility to give the communication partner sufficient information to understand the message. In addition, he or she may have difficulty surmising what information the partner already has and what new information is needed.
  7. Not monitor his or her own comprehension of incoming messages and therefore does not seek clarification, when needed.

Life skills-Life skills are abilities for adaptive and positive behaviour that enable humans to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of life.Typically, children with autism may have difficulty with;

  1. Planning and decision making; assessing their needs, reviewing options and ordering component parts of a task.
  2. Flexibility; a difficulty in “moving the goalposts” or taking another person’s views on board.
  3. Behaviour inhibition; difficulty with controlling their own thoughts and feelings and acting accordingly.
  4. Switching between tasks; difficulty in moving from one task to another.

Executive function skills- Executive functions consist of several mental skills that help the brain organize and act on information. These skills enable people to plan, organize, remember things, prioritize, pay attention and get started on tasks. They also help people use information and experiences from the past to solve current problems.Individuals with ASD often lack the ability to use skills related to executive functioning like planning, sequencing and self-regulation.It will be an on-going process to build this skill, as it is something that is challenging for most of those with ASD.

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